What is Obesity?

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What is Obesity

Obesity is today’s one of the most common health problems. The general definition is that obesity is carrying fat more than normal for the body height as a result of excessive increase of the general fat mass of the body compared to the lean body mass. In adult male individuals, adipose tissue constitutes 18% of body mass, while in women it is 20-25%. If the daily intake of energy is more than you consumed, it causes obesity. By World Health Organization (WHO), obesity is defined as excessive fat accumulation in the body which presents risk to health.

How is Obesity Measured?

You can find out whether you are an obesity patient or not, with BMI (Body Mass Index). BMI is a numerical result in which your weight is divided by the square of your height.
• Under 18.5 BMI is Low Weight
• 18.5 – 24.9 BMI is Normal Weight
• 25.0 – 29.9 BMI is Overweight
• 30.0 – 39.9 BMI is Obese
• +40 BMI is Morbid Obese

What are the Causes of Obesity?

Obesity is caused by eating high-calorie foods and doing hardly physical activity. The reason for obesity may also be the antipsychotic drugs that are used due to genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders and psychological problems. In numerous researches, it is concluded that the genetic factor is 25-40% effective in obesity.

What Problems Does Obesity Cause?

Obesity causes many problems such as; insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, gallbladder diseases, some types of cancer, fatty liver disease, excessive hair growth, mental problems, musculoskeletal problems etc.

Can Obesity Be Treated?

Obesity treatment is a long and continuous process that requires the determination of the person. For the treatment, a multidisciplinary approach, such as a physician, dietitian, physiotherapist or psychologist is required. There is a cure for obesity, and the most effective result is doing all the treatments simultaneously.

Healthy Nutrition (Diet) Treatment

In this treatment, it is aimed to reduce the body weight to the BMI range of 18.5 – 24.9 kg / m2. The diet treatment is prepared individually with various personal information such as height, weight and age of the person. The diet must be suitable to the adequate and balanced nutrition principles. The purpose of the treatment is providing the individual with a correct and balanced eating habit in a manner that is consistent. When the person reaches the 18.5 – 24.9 BMI range, his/her weight should be maintained.

Exercise Treatment

Physical activity reduces adipose tissue and fat in the abdominal region, but the main purpose of the treatment is preventing muscle mass loss. When combined with the diet treatment, the person gets highly effective results. Adult individuals must exercise daily, at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity on average. Energy expenditure varies according to the individual’s body weight and the heaviness of the activity he/she can do. The recommended exercise programs vary from person to person.

Treatment for the Behavioral Change

Negative behaviors and thoughts can also cause gaining weight. Therefore, this treatment aims to strengthen positive thoughts and make it a lifestyle.

Pharmacological Treatment

In this medical treatment, it is very important to take the medicines under the control of a doctor. The medicine, which is given to the individuals, should not be addictive and has as minimum side effects as possible. The patient should go to the doctor’s controls regularly.

Surgical Treatment

There are two types of surgical treatment that are applied to people with obesity. One of them is bariatric surgery, in which treatments such as bypass, gastroplasty, gastric balloon is applied to the patient. The second one is reconstructive surgery. This treatment aims to remove the existing localized adipose tissues that occurred in various parts of the body. It is mostly an aesthetic treatment. Contact us to learn more information about the procedure from our doctors.